Just think of your wooden frames beginning to rot, metal screws and joineries to corrode, and at the very least, leave you with a long list of repair, refinishing and replacement tasks. To avoid taking that route, it’s always best to seal any leaks in your caravan before they blow up into bigger problems.
Locating the leak
The first step to successfully fixing any caravan leaks is to trace the source of the water seepage. Leaky windows are quite easy to spot, but leaky roofs tend to sneak up on you. A caravan’s roof isn’t always perfectly horizontal, either due to its construction or because the caravan isn’t parked on level ground. As such, a caravan roof leak often makes its first appearance in the form of a trickle of water quite far away from the actual source. Also, speaking of the source itself, something as small as an exposed screw hole can be the culprit. If your caravan has had some time to dry out, locating a breach as tiny as this can be quite a task.
Relatively obvious leaks can be traced right up to their source from the inside of your caravan, because they’ll probably have left some tell-tale signs along the walls or ceiling. Minor leaks will need to be traced from the exterior. You will need to first remove or securely cover any valuables or expensive fixtures in your caravan. Use a sturdy ladder to make your way to the caravan’s roof and a spirit level to find out the direction in which the roof slopes. Start by spraying or pouring small quantities of water on the roof, and get someone to prompt you the moment the water enters the caravan.
Knowing which sealant to use
A big part of successfully sealing any leaks in your caravan involves choosing the right sealant for the job. While applying sealant to a point of leakage, parameters you should consider include the effectiveness of the sealing job, as well as the duration through which the sealant will remain effective. Over and above this, secondary parameters such as your budget can play a role. Let’s take a quick look at some common sealants and what they can do for your leaking caravan:
Butyl mastic sealants, or caulking compounds, have a long history of use in fixing leaks. Basic, inexpensive and paintable, these sealants are effective in short-term applications. The outermost layer of the sealant hardens on exposure to air, providing water and dust protection to the application area. Over time, however, caulking compounds can dry up and crack, allowing water to seep in again.
Silicone sealants are by far the most popular leak fixing solution around the world. A major step-up from caulking compounds, silicone sealants offer immense strength and elasticity, keeping your leaks fixed for much longer periods of time. It is important that you choose the right ‘cure’, though. Acetic cure silicone sealants are anti-fungal in nature and very good for interior applications involving ceramic and glass. For exterior fixes, use a neutral cure variant that does not corrode the aluminium body of your caravan.
Polyurethane sealants, the latest in the line of caravan sealants, offer the ultimate level of protection and durability. Their increasing popularity may also be accredited to the fact that they work great with fibreglass panels, the stuff that most modern caravans are made of. Additionally, PU sealants are UV resistant, and can be sanded and painted over, unlike silicone sealants.
Leak fixing tips
Choosing the right sealant is important, but so is sticking to a few basics. Always ensure that you completely remove all of the old caulk or sealant in the area in question. You can use a plastic scraper for the job, which you’ll find in any hardware store. You must then clean the area and check that the surfaces are free from any kind of dust, debris or moisture. Another important measure is to allow the sealant to dry completely before painting over it. And finally, after you’re done, spray the area with some water to ensure that the leak is indeed sealed.
And that’s it. You’re all set to head out again for a fresh round of adventures in your newly sealed (and completely dry) caravan!